In 1937, for example, the average hourly wage rate of agricultural employees in the sugar industry was 12 cents. The island, which was poor to begin with, had made some progress but it was nevertheless insufficient to drastically change matters. Perhaps a reflection of the welfare mentality that is rampant in Puerto Rico is the flurry, over the past decade, of land squatters claiming their alleged right to hold property. Its first Secretary was Luis Fortuño, who appointed its current head, José Pérez Riera, after being elected Governor in 2008. One of the PRRA’s first activities was to purchase a sugar mill owned by a French corporation, called the Lafayette Central and proceeded to operate it as a model plant. Earl Parker Hanson, Transformation: The Story of Modern Puerto Rico (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1955), p. 31. But the efforts of the PRRA went beyond operating a cooperative farm. The effects of these efforts would be magnified if the economy were freed of all the restraints that hold back its growth. By 1940, the sugar industry employed one-fourth of the labor force. However prosperous or fortunate the policy of granting tax exemption was, it was nevertheless insufficient to overcome the tremendous unemployment problem which has chronically affected Puerto Rico. At the same time, enable the air cargo and passenger transferring flexibility regulations that would make Puerto Rico the defining, dominating logistic center for the Caribbean. The history of the island’s development is peculiar to it, but the policies implemented in Puerto Rico to achieve progress hold universal appeal. Noté /5: Achetez Puerto Rico: Status and Economic Development Outlook de Ortega, Fernando, D'Agati, Hugh: ISBN: 9781614709695 sur amazon.fr, des millions de livres livrés chez vous en 1 jour The nature of the political relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States began to change as Congress gradually granted more autonomy to the island. The PRIDCO portfolio counts with industrial buildings, lots and raw land. During the early 1970s oil was imported to Puerto Rico at $2.00 a barrel, and this led to the massive construction of petrochemical complexes in the island. The government’s impressive stature in the economy, however, has not followed a classic pattern. 23 o£ May 1, 1900 was enacted whereby Congress expressed its displeasure about the matter. This was so because as the production of whiskey was curtailed in the continental United States by the federal government, the sales of Puerto Rican rum in the mainland soared. Years later, an energetic politician, Luis Muñoz Marín, who was later to become Puerto Rico’s first popularly elected governor, campaigned on a platform of enforcing this Congressional Resolution. The statistics concerning land ownership, which are mentioned below, are sufficient to refute this. Puerto Rico Economic Growth The economy is set to recover mildly in FY 2021 (July 2020–June 2021), as growth is not expected until the second half of the year due to lingering uncertainty over the evolution of the pandemic and its associated measures weighing on activity. Unfortunately, the costs of operating in Puerto Rico, in large part due to the local government’s policies, have finally caught up with the tax exemption program, the result being that fewer industries are willing to locate in the island. Not unrelated to this, a Federal Power Commission study indicated that Puerto Rico’s electricity rates were the highest in all of the United States. This has been the case in Puerto Rico. Soil Conservation Service, Puerto Rico has a total of 2,103,000 acres, of which, 1,222,284 are tillable. “Sugar . The effect of this statute has been to remove foreign competition from domestic shippers and to strengthen the grip of the maritime unions on this industry. The literacy rate at the time was only 15 per cent. Puerto Rico, however, during the past thirty years has consistently run a deficit in its balance of payments. The largest landholder at the moment is the government, which owns 130,000 acres of land. The experience of government handling and management of all of these enterprises, however, was very disappointing to the planners; eventually, by 1951, all were sold to private enterprise. Consequently, cargo rates of domestic shipping lines are among the highest in the world. Instead they continue to be amended in order to raise the benefits conferred therein. The rise of the sugar industry, however, provided the scapegoat upon which to blame the poor conditions of the island. During the 1950s, the average yearly migration was approximately 50,000 persons. Since American citizenship was granted in 1917, there are no barriers to migration to the United States and nearly one million Puerto Ricans now reside in the United States. This has been sufficient to perpetuate the government’s power and to expand its role, while minimizing the taxpayer’s cost of the government.
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